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D+C  e-Paper  December 2015 43 Comment To beat ISIS, embrace Islam In violent conflict, it is unwise to do what your enemy wants you to do. After the Paris atrocities, too many in the west are responding to ISIS precisely in the way the killers must have hoped they would. It would be much wiser to prove extremist propaganda wrong. By Hans Dembowski ISIS is a terror outfit that uses the black-and-white narrative of sup- pressed Muslims being forced to fight the rest of the world in self defence. They don’t mind Islam being discredited. On the con- trary, they want non-Muslims to turn against members of that faith. Anything that can be read as western disrespect for Islam feeds the anger ISIS wants to instil in Muslims. At the same time, the terrorists want all Muslims who do not accept their brutal world view to suffer. European hostility towards refu- gees from Afghanistan, Libya or Syria thus serves their cause in the double sense of hurting Muslims who, in the ISIS perspec- tive, deserve punishment. If, on the other hand, the EU acts in a more welcoming way, the ISIS narrative collapses. Europe’s radical right from the Front National in France to the Lega Nord in Italy and the Alternative für Deutschland in Germany endorse xenophobia. In a symbiotic way, they benefit from ter- ror attacks. Their xenophobic reaction, in turn, fans ISIS flames. Intolerance breeds intolerance. Government leaders should be careful not to feed this vicious cycle. Any talk of a clash of civilisations is wrong, and even the rhetoric of war is overblown. It gives legitimacy to killers who are crimi- nals, not soldiers. Jihadi criminals have indeed killed scores of people in Paris, Ankara, Beirut, Tunis and Bamako. Only the first of these cities is a western capital, the other cities are predominantly Muslim. Jihadism is nowhere close to destroying western civili- sation, its main impact is to terrorise Mus- lims. A handful of suicidal extremists can cause terrible suffering in Paris, but the French capital is not, was not and will not be at risk of falling into their hands. ISIS and similar terrorist groups pre- tend to be the true representatives of Islam, but they are not. Islam was never a monolithic ideology. In the Sunni tradi- tion, the Koran is sacrosanct, but its inter- pretation is up to debate, and such debate gave rise to a long history of sophisticated scholarship that was cultivated by many different schools in many different cit- ies. Jihadis neither appreciate the wealth of this tradition, nor do they appreciate the diversity of Islam which has spanned many traditions of belief. In Timbuktu, they even did their best to destroy ancient manuscripts because this kind of Muslim heritage does not agree with their totali- tarian ideas. The Arab region is in turmoil. ISIS is one of many militias and military forces. It is trying to establish a full-blown state, but is not recognised as a legitimate force by any Muslim government. It wants to expand its power, but it is not promot- ing the faith. Generally speaking, Islamist militants are not faith leaders. They are violent criminals. Their black-and-white narrative does not resonate with the vast majority of Muslims. In Europe, however, it danger- ously resonates with a minority of young- sters who feel marginalised and alien- ated. Many of them, but not all, are from migrant families. Typically, the parents are better integrated into mainstream society and are not religious in a fundamentalist sense. The phenomenon is especially pro- nounced in France and Belgium, but it is evident in other countries too, including Germany. EU leaders should ponder the fact that the terrorists in Paris were, as far as we know, mostly citizens of member states. They should note, moreover, that many jihadis in Europe become extremists in prison cells rather than in Mosques. European societies have failed in terms of inclusiveness. Some may argue that social work and religious education are too expensive in view of tight public budgets. The price Paris has now paid for neglect, however, is far higher. In Syria and Iraq, ISIS has managed to conquer substantial territory. It is neces- sary to tackle the militia by military means there. That cannot be done by air strikes alone. Western governments are correct to argue that the ground troops will have to be Muslim so as not to feed the Islamist narrative of crusaders hunting down Mus- lims. They have a point. Accordingly, they should do their best to undermine the ISIS narrative in Europe as well. To fight ISIS effectively, Europe must embrace Islam. “Prayers for Paris” at a Mosque in London. Lipinski/empics/picture-alliance Debate